Mahatma Gandhi Essay: Father of Nation

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An unparalleled leader, non-violent, social reformer and freedom fighter in the history of India. Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi was world famous as Mahatma Gandhi. And also known as father of nation. He had a simple life and high thinking.

Early Life and Background: Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Mahatma Gandhi’s mother was Putlibai, while his father was Karamchand Gandhi. On October 2, 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat. Gandhi was his family name. The mother of Gandhiji was a supporter of puja vratas. She mostly devoted her time to prayer, fasting, and traveling between temples. She was a devout Hindu woman who routinely observed fasts.

When he was only 13 years old, he married Kasturba Gandhi. They had four children, namely Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, and Devdas Gandhi. He passed his high school exams in Rajkot, Gujarat. Gandhiji had a deep passion for the law. He decided to study law in England after earning his college degree because of this. Passed the law examination in England. 

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 1000 words

Gandhi returned to India in 1891 after graduating as a barrister in England. Served as a lawyer in Rajkot, Gujarat and Mumbai. In 1893 he went to South Africa to give legal advice to Dada Abdul, a Gujarati merchant.

Served as a lawyer for a few years in South Africa. He fought against the injustice done to Indians in South Africa. He condemned slavery and started the struggle called Satyagraha. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi.

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In 1893, the Natal Legislative Assembly of South Africa stripped Indians of their right to vote. Hence, in 1894, the Natal Indian Congress was established to protect the interests of Indians there. 

He also established an ashram called Tolstoy or Phoenix near Johannesburg and trained volunteers. To intensify his struggle, Gandhiji founded an organization called the Passive Resistance Organization. He published a newspaper called Indian Opinion in Africa. In 1909, he published a book called Hind Swaraj in Gujarati. 

Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom India’s Struggle – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

He came back to India on January 9, 1915. That is why January 9 is celebrated as Non-resident Indian Day or Pravasi Indian Day. Gandhi came to India, met Gopalkrishna Gokhale, observed his struggle, and accepted him as his political guru. 

In 1915, he established an ashram called Satyagraha on the banks of the Sabarmati River near Ahmedabad. 

He worked hard to eradicate untouchability in India. A freedom lover, he was a great writer. wrote many books and published several magazines. He encouraged village industries and banished foreign goods. He encouraged the use of khadi cloth by spinning the yarn himself on the loom.

John Raskin’s work(book), “Un to the Last,” had a great influence on Gandhiji. This book has been translated into Gujarati as “Sarvodaya.” He published a magazine called Young India, Navjivan, and Harijan.

Champaran Satyagraha 1917

In 1913, he undertook the Champaran Satyagraha in the Champaran district of Bihar. This was Gandhi’s first satyagraha in India. In Bihar’s Champaranya region, Indian farmers were required to give 3/20 percent of the blue (indigo) crop compulsorily.

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Due to a lack of demand for the Indian blue crop in the European market, huge losses were incurred. When the movement started in Motihari, the main center of Champaran, there was immense support from the farmers. The British government canceled this policy due to the huge support of the farmers.

Ahmedabad mill strike 1918

A strike broke out between Ahmedabad cotton mill owners and workers over the issue of bonuses. Mahatma Gandhi participated in its solution‌. This was Gandhi’s first hunger strike.

Kheda Satyagraha 1918: Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

In Gujarat’s Kheda district, there was a widespread drought without rain, due to which the farmers suffered huge losses. Under such harsh conditions, the revenue was collected under the compulsion of the then-British government. 

The government had claimed to waive the revenue if the crop was less than 25 percent. Gandhi visited 50 villages and ensured that less than 25 percent of the crop was harvested. He expressed further support for farmers to start a movement. Then the government said that if the rich pay tax, it will waive the tax on the poor. Because of this, Gandhi withdrew from this movement. 

Do you know

Gandhiji attended the 2nd round table meeting. 
First round table meeting (12 November 1930 – 19 January 1931)
Second round table meeting (7 September 1931 – 1 December 1931
Third round table meeting (17 November 1932 – 24 December 1932)

India became independent: Gandhiji’s role in India’s independence

India gained independence on August 15, 1947. After independence, Gandhiji wanted to bring unity between Hindus and Muslims. No matter how much effort was made to unite Hindus and Muslims, it did not work. Eventually, India was divided into two parts. Nathuram Vinayak Godse shot and killed Gandhiji on January 30, 1948, at 5 p.m. The country was in mourning after hearing the news of Gandhi’s death.

Frequently Asked Questions on Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Who was Mahatma Gandhi a very short note?

Mahatma Gandhi was a great patriot and a great freedom fighter for our country, India. (October 2, 1869–January 30, 1948) He was called Rashtrapita (father of the nation) or Bapu. He fully involved himself in the freedom struggle of the country. “Ahimsa and fasting” were used as major weapons in the freedom struggle.

Who first called Mahatma Gandhi?

Nobel Laureate Sri Rabindranath Tagore.

Who gave Mahatma title to Gandhi?

It was Rabindranath Tagore who called Gandhiji “Mahatma.”

Who called Mahatma Gandhi a half-naked fakir?

Winston Churchill called Mahatma Gandhi a half-naked fakir.

Who called Gandhiji as Bapuji?

It was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who called Gandhiji Bapuji.

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